Some knowledge of CNC cutting - PAY for CNC components
Some knowledge of CNC cutting

 1. The effect on cutting temperature: cutting speed, feed rate, back-cutting amount.

Influence on cutting force: back-cutting amount, feed rate, cutting speed;

The impact on tool durability: cutting speed, feed rate, back-to-tool amount.

2. When the amount of back-cutting doubles, the cutting force doubles.

When the feed rate is doubled, the cutting force will increase by about 70%;

When the cutting speed doubles, the cutting force gradually decreases;

In other words, if G99 is used, the cutting speed becomes larger, and the cutting force will not change much.

3. The cutting force can be judged according to the discharge of iron filings and whether the cutting temperature is within the normal range.

4. When the measured actual value X and the drawing diameter Y are greater than 0.8 when the concave arc of the car, the turning tool with a secondary deflection angle of 52 degrees (that is, our commonly used tool is a turning tool with a 35-degree lead angle of 93 degrees ) The R from the car may wipe the knife at the starting position.

5. The temperature represented by the color of iron filings:

White less than 200 degrees

Yellow 220-240 degrees

Dark blue 290 degrees

Blue 320-350 degrees

Purple black is greater than 500 degrees

Red is greater than 800 degrees

6. FUNAC OI mtc generally defaults to the G command:

G69: Not so clear

G21: metric size input

G25: Spindle speed fluctuation detection disconnected

G80: Canned cycle cancel

G54: Coordinate system default

G18: ZX plane selection

G96 (G97): Constant linear speed control

G99: Feed per revolution

G40: Tool nose compensation cancel (G41 G42)

G22: Storage stroke detection is on

G67: Macro program modal call cancel

G64: Not so clear

G13.1: Polar coordinate interpolation mode cancel

7. The external thread is generally 1.3P, and the internal thread is 1.08P.

8. Thread speed S1200/pitch * safety factor (usually 0.8).

9. Manual tool nose R compensation formula: chamfering from bottom to top: Z=R*(1-tan(a/2)) X=R(1-tan(a/2))*tan(a) Change the chamfering from up to down to plus.

10. When the feed increases by 0.05, the speed decreases by 50-80 rpm. This is because reducing the speed means that the tool wear decreases, and the cutting force increases more slowly, so as to compensate for the increase in the cutting force and the temperature due to the increase in the feed. The impact.

11. Cutting speed and cutting force are very important to the impact of cutting tools. Excessive cutting force is the main reason for tool collapse. The relationship between cutting speed and cutting force: the faster the cutting speed, the feed will not change, the cutting force will decrease slowly, and the faster the cutting speed will make the tool wear faster, the cutting force will become larger and the temperature will increase The higher the cutting force and the internal stress are too great for the blade to bear, it will landslide (of course, there are also reasons such as stress and hardness drop caused by temperature changes).

12. The following points should be paid special attention to during CNC machining:

(1) For the current economic CNC lathes in my country, ordinary three-phase asynchronous motors are used to achieve stepless speed change through frequency converters. If there is no mechanical deceleration, the spindle output torque is often insufficient at low speeds. If the cutting load is too large, it is easy to get bored. However, some machine tools with gears can solve this problem well;

(2) As far as possible, the tool can complete the processing of a part or a work shift. In the finishing of large parts, special attention should be paid to avoid changing the tool in the middle to ensure that the tool can be processed in one time;

(3) When using CNC turning to turn threads, use a higher speed as much as possible to achieve high-quality and efficient production;

(4) Use G96 as much as possible;

(5) The basic concept of high-speed machining is to make the feed exceed the heat conduction speed, so that the cutting heat is discharged with the iron filings to isolate the cutting heat from the workpiece, and to ensure that the workpiece does not heat up or does not heat up. Therefore, high-speed processing is selected very high The cutting speed is matched with the high feed and the smaller back-grab is selected;

(6) Pay attention to the compensation of tool nose R.

13. Vibration and tool breakage are often generated during grooving. The fundamental reason for all of these is the increased cutting force and insufficient tool rigidity. The shorter the tool extension length, the smaller the clearance angle, and the larger the blade area, the better the rigidity. The greater the cutting force, but the larger the width of the groove tool, the cutting force it can bear will increase accordingly, but its cutting force will also increase. On the contrary, the smaller the groove tool, the smaller the force it can bear. Its cutting force is also small.

14. Reasons for vibration during car trough:

(1) The extension length of the tool is too long, resulting in lower rigidity;

(2) The feed rate is too slow, which will cause the unit cutting force to increase and cause a large vibration. The formula is: P=F/back-cutting amount*f P is the unit cutting force F is the cutting force, and the speed is too fast Also shake the knife;

(3) The machine tool is not rigid enough, which means that the tool can withstand the cutting force, but the machine tool cannot withstand it. To put it bluntly, the machine tool does not move. Generally, new machines do not have such problems. Beds with such problems are either old. Either the machine killer is often encountered.

15. When turning a job (workpiece), the size was good at the beginning, but after a few hours, it was found that the size changed and the size was unstable. The reason is that the tool is new at the beginning, and the cutting force is not very large. After a period of time, the tool wears and the cutting force becomes larger, causing the workpiece to shift on the chuck, so the size is old and unstable.

16. When using G71, the values ​​of P and Q cannot exceed the sequence number of the entire program, otherwise an alarm will occur: G71-G73 command format is incorrect, at least in FUANC. If you want to learn UG programming, you can add the editor QQ: 770573829 to receive the UG tutorial.

17. There are two formats of subroutines in FANUC system:

(1) The first three digits of P000 0000 refer to the number of cycles, and the last four digits are the program number;

(2) The first four digits of P0000L000 are the program number, and the last three digits of L are the number of cycles.

18. The starting point of the arc remains unchanged, and the end point is offset by a mm in the Z direction, then the bottom diameter of the arc is offset by a/2.

19. When drilling deep holes, the drill does not grind the cutting groove to facilitate drill chip removal.

20. If the tool holder is used for drilling holes, the drill bit can be rotated to change the hole diameter.

21. When drilling stainless steel center holes or stainless steel holes, the drill bit or center drill center must be small, otherwise it will not move. Do not grind the grooves when drilling with cobalt drills to avoid the drill bit annealing during drilling.

22. According to the process, the blanking is generally divided into three types: one material is one, two is alive, and the whole bar is one.

23. When there is an ellipse when threading, it may be that the material is loose, just use a tooth knife to cut a few more times.

24. In some systems where macro programs can be input, macro program charging can be used instead of subprogram loops, which can save program numbers and avoid a lot of trouble.

25. If a drill bit is used for reaming, but the hole jumps a lot, a flat-bottom drill can be used for reaming at this time, but the twist drill must be short to increase rigidity.

26. If you directly use a drill bit to drill holes on a drilling machine, the hole diameter may be deviated, but if you ream on the drill press, the size will generally not run. For example, if you use a 10MM drill bit to ream on the drill press, the expanded hole diameter is generally It is about 3 wire tolerance.

27. In the small hole (through hole) of the car, try to make the crumbs continuously curl and then discharge from the tail. The key points of curling are:

(1) The position of the knife should be properly raised;

(2) Appropriate blade inclination, cutting amount and feed rate, remember that the knife should not be too low, otherwise it will be easy to break chips. If the secondary deflection angle of the knife is large, the tool bar will not be caught even if the chips are broken. If the secondary deflection angle is too small , The chips will jam the tool bar after chip breaking, which is easy to be dangerous.

28. The larger the cross section of the knife bar in the hole, the less likely it is to vibrate the knife, and a strong rubber band can be attached to the knife bar, because the strong rubber band can play a certain role in absorbing vibration.

29. When driving through holes, the tip R of the knife can be appropriately larger (R0.4-R0.8), especially when the taper is under the car, the iron parts may be nothing, and the copper parts will be very jammed.
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