Thread diameter calculation formula

Related calculation formulas used in fastener production:

1. Calculation and tolerance of the pitch diameter of the external thread of 60° tooth profile (GB197/196)a. Calculation of basic size of pitch diameter

The basic size of the pitch diameter of the thread = the major diameter of the thread-the pitch × the coefficient value.

Formula: d/D-P×0.6495

Example: Calculation of the pitch diameter of external thread M8

8-1.25×0.6495=8-0.8119≈7.188

b. Commonly used 6h external thread pitch tolerance (based on the pitch)

The upper limit is "0"

The lower limit is P0.8-0.095, P1.00-0.112, P1.25-0.118

P1.5-0.132P1.75-0.150P2.0-0.16

P2.5-0.17

The upper limit calculation formula is the basic size, and the lower limit calculation formula d2-hes-Td2 is the basic size of the pitch diameter-deviation-tolerance.

M8's 6h-level pitch diameter tolerance value: the upper limit is 7.188 and the lower limit is 7.188-0.118=7.07.

C. The basic deviation of the commonly used 6g external thread pitch diameter: (based on the pitch)

P0.80-0.024P1.00-0.026P1.25-0.028P1.5-0.032

P1.75-0.034P2-0.038P2.5-0.042

The upper limit calculation formula d2-ges is the basic size-deviation

The lower limit calculation formula d2-ges-Td2 is the basic size-deviation-tolerance

Example M8's 6g pitch diameter tolerance value: upper limit 7.188-0.028=7.16 lower limit: 7.188-0.028-0.118=7.042.

Note: ① The above thread tolerances are based on coarse threads, and there are some changes to fine threads, but the tolerances are only larger. Therefore, the control will not exceed the specification limits according to this control. Out.

②In actual production, the diameter size of the threaded polished rod blank is increased by 0.04-0.08 compared with the design thread pitch diameter according to the accuracy required by the design and the extrusion force of the thread processing equipment, which is the diameter of the threaded polished rod blank. Our company's M8 external thread 6g level threaded polished rod blank diameter is actually in the range of 7.08-7.13.

③Considering the needs of the production process, the lower control limit of the pitch diameter of the external thread in the actual production without heat treatment and surface treatment should be kept as far as possible at 6h.

2. Calculation and tolerance of 60° internal thread pitch diameter (GB197/196)

a.6H thread pitch tolerance (based on the pitch)

Upper limit:

P0.8+0.125P1.00+0.150P1.25+0.16P1.5+0.180

P1.25+0.00P2.0+0.212P2.5+0.224

The lower limit is "0",

The upper limit calculation formula 2+TD2 is the basic size + tolerance.

Example M8-6H internal thread pitch diameter is: 7.188+0.160=7.348 upper limit: 7.188 is the lower limit.

b. The calculation formula of the basic size of the inner thread's pitch diameter is the same as that of the outer thread

That is, D2=D-P×0.6495, that is, the pitch diameter of the internal thread is equal to the major diameter of the thread-the pitch × the coefficient value.

c. The basic deviation of 6G thread pitch diameter E1 (based on the pitch)

P0.8+0.024P1.00+0.026P1.25+0.028P1.5+0.032

P1.75+0.034P1.00+0.026P2.5+0.042

Example: the upper limit of the pitch diameter of M86G internal thread: 7.188+0.026+0.16=7.374

Lower limit: 7.188+0.026=7.214

The upper limit formula 2+GE1+TD2 is the basic size of the pitch diameter + deviation + tolerance

The lower limit formula 2+GE1 is the pitch diameter + deviation

Third, the calculation and tolerance of the major diameter of the external thread (GB197/196)

a. 6h upper limit of major diameter of external thread

That is, the thread diameter value example M8 is φ8.00 and the upper limit tolerance is "0".

b. 6h-class major diameter lower limit tolerance of external thread (based on the pitch)

P0.8-0.15P1.00-0.18P1.25-0.212P1.5-0.236P1.75-0.265

P2.0-0.28P2.5-0.335

The formula for calculating the lower limit of the major diameter: d-Td is the basic size-tolerance of the major diameter of the thread.

Example: M8 external thread 6h major diameter size: the upper limit is φ8, the lower limit is φ8-0.212=φ7.788

c. Calculation and tolerance of 6g major diameter of external thread

Standard deviation of 6g external thread (based on pitch)

P0.8-0.024P1.00-0.026P1.25-0.028P1.5-0.032P1.25-0.024P1.75--0.034

P2.0-0.038P2.5-0.042

The upper limit calculation formula d-ges is the basic size of the major diameter of the thread-the reference deviation

The lower limit calculation formula d-ges－Td is the basic size of the major diameter of the thread-reference deviation-tolerance

Example: The upper limit of the 6g major diameter of M8 external thread is φ8-0.028=φ7.972.

Lower limit φ8-0.028-0.212=φ7.76

Note: ① The major diameter of the thread is determined by the diameter of the polished rod blank and the degree of wear of the thread rolling plate/rolling wheel, and its value appears inversely proportional to the pitch diameter of the thread on the basis of the same blank and thread processing tools That is, the smaller the diameter is, the larger the diameter, and the larger the diameter, the smaller the diameter.

②For parts that need to be processed by heat treatment and surface treatment, considering the relationship of the processing process, the major diameter of the thread should be controlled at the lower limit of 6h plus 0.04mm or more in actual production. For example, the external thread of M8 is rolling (rolling) The major diameter of the wire should be guaranteed to be above φ7.83 and below 7.95.

Fourth, the calculation and tolerance of the small diameter of the internal thread

a. Calculation of the basic size of the small diameter of the internal thread (D1)

Basic size of thread minor diameter = basic size of internal thread-pitch × coefficient

Example: The basic size of the minor diameter of the internal thread M8 is 8-1.25×1.0825=6.646875≈6.647

b. The small diameter tolerance of internal thread 6H (based on the pitch) and the calculation of the small diameter value

P0.8+0.2P1.0+0.236P1.25+0.265P1.5+0.3P1.75+0.335

P2.0+0.375P2.5+0.48

The lower limit deviation formula D1+HE1 of internal thread 6H grade is the basic size of internal thread minor diameter + deviation.

Note: The lower bias value of 6H level is "0"

The formula for calculating the upper limit of internal thread 6H level = D1+HE1+TD1 is the basic size of internal thread minor diameter + deviation + tolerance.

Example: The upper limit of the minor diameter of the 6H M8 internal thread is 6.647+0=6.647

The lower limit of the minor diameter of the 6H M8 internal thread is 6.647+0+0.265=6.912

c. The basic deviation of the minor diameter of internal thread 6G (based on the pitch) and the calculation of the minor diameter value

P0.8+0.024P1.0+0.026P1.25+0.028P1.5+0.032P1.75+0.034

P2.0+0.038P2.5+0.042

The formula for the lower limit of the minor diameter of internal thread 6G level = D1 + GE1 is the basic size of internal thread + deviation.

Example: The lower limit of the minor diameter of the 6G grade M8 internal thread is 6.647+0.028=6.675

The upper limit formula D1+GE1+TD1 of the minor diameter of the 6G M8 internal thread is the basic size of the internal thread + deviation + tolerance.

Example: The upper limit of the minor diameter of 6G M8 internal thread is 6.647+0.028+0.265=6.94

Note: ①The tooth height of the internal thread is directly related to the load moment of the internal thread, so it should be within its 6H upper limit in the production of blanks.

②In the process of internal thread processing, the smaller the diameter of the internal thread will affect the use efficiency of the tool-the use of the tap. From the perspective of use, the smaller the diameter, the better, but the smaller diameter is generally used in the comprehensive consideration. Limit to the upper limit, if it is cast iron or aluminum, the lower limit to the middle limit of the minor diameter should be adopted.

③The minor diameter of internal thread 6G can be implemented as 6H in the production of blanks. Its accuracy grade mainly considers the plating of the thread pitch diameter, so only the pitch diameter size of the tap is considered during thread processing, and the minor diameter of the light hole is not considered.

5. Calculation formula of indexing head single indexing method

Single division method calculation formula: n=40/Z

n: the number of revolutions that the indexing head should turn

Z: equal fraction of artifacts

40: fixed number of indexing head

Example: calculation of milling hexagon

Substitute into the formula: n=40/6

Calculation: ① Simplify the fraction: find the smallest divisor 2 to reduce, that is, divide the numerator and denominator by 2 at the same time to get 20/3. While the fraction is reduced, its equal division remains unchanged.

②Calculate the fraction: At this time, it depends on the value of the numerator and denominator; if the numerator is larger, the denominator is calculated.

20÷3=6(2/3) is the value of n, that is, the indexing head should be rotated by 6(2/3). At this time the score has become a mixed number; the integer part 6 of the mixed number is the division The head should go through 6 full turns. The score 2/3 with a score can only be 2/3 of a turn and must be recalculated at this time.

③Selection and calculation of the indexing plate: the calculation of less than one circle must be realized with the indexing plate of the indexing head. The first step in the calculation is to expand the score 2/3 at the same time. Example: If the score is expanded by 14 times at the same time 28/42; If you expand by 10 times at the same time, the score will be 20/30; if you expand by 13 times at the same time, the score will be 26/39... The number of expansion multiples depends on the number of holes on the indexing plate.

At this time, it should be noted:

①The number of holes in the indexing plate must be divisible by the denominator 3. For example, 42 holes in the previous example are 14 times 3, 30 holes are 10 times 3, and 39 is 13 times 3...

②The expansion of the score must be the expansion of the numerator and denominator at the same time, and its equal division remains unchanged, as in the example

28/42=2/3×14=(2×14)/(3×14); 20/30=2/3×10=(2×10)/(3×10);

26/39=2/3×13=(2×13)/(3×13)

The denominator 42 of 28/42 is divided by 42 holes of the number of divisions; the numerator 28 is on the positioning hole of the upper wheel and then turned forward through 28 holes, or 29 holes, on the positioning hole of the current wheel, 20/30 is at 30 The index plate of holes is rotated forward by 10 holes, that is, 11 holes are the positioning holes of the current wheel. 26/39 is the indexing plate of 39 holes is rotated forward and 26 holes, or 27 holes, are the positioning holes of the current wheel.

When milling a hexagon (six equal parts), you can use 42 holes, 30 holes, 39 holes and other holes divisible by 3 as the index: the operation is to turn the handle 6 times, and then move forward on the positioning holes of the upper wheel. Then turn 28+1/10+1/26+! The 29/11/27 hole of the hole is used as the positioning hole of this wheel.

Example 2: Calculation of milling 15 teeth gear.

Substitute into the formula: n=40/15

Calculate n=2(2/3)

It is to turn 2 full circles and then select the indexing holes that are divisible by 3, such as 24, 30, 39, 42.51.54.57, 66, etc., and then turn forward 16, 20, 26, 28, 34, 36, 38, 44. Add 1 hole, namely 17, 21, 27, 29, 35, 37, 39, 45 as the positioning hole of the wheel.

Example 3: Index calculation for milling 82 teeth.

Substitute into the formula: n=40/82

Calculate n=20/41

That is, as long as you select the indexing plate with 41 holes, turn 20+1 or 21 holes on the positioning hole of the upper wheel as the positioning hole of this wheel.

Example 4: Index calculation for milling 51 teeth

Substitute the formula n=40/51. Because the score cannot be calculated at this time, you can only select the holes directly, that is, choose the 51-hole indexing plate, and then turn 51+1 on the upper wheel positioning hole, that is, 52 holes as the positioning hole of this wheel That is.

Example 5: Index calculation for milling 100 teeth.

Substitute into the formula n=40/100

Calculate n=4/10=12/30

That is, select a 30-hole indexing plate, and then turn 12+1 or 13 holes on the upper wheel positioning hole as the positioning hole of this wheel.

If all the index plates do not have the required number of holes for calculation, the double index method should be used for calculation, which is not included in this calculation method. In actual production, gear hobbing is generally used, because the actual operation after the double index calculation is extremely inconvenient.

6. The calculation formula of a circle inscribed with a hexagon

①Find the opposite side of circle D (S surface)

S=0.866D is the diameter × 0.866 (coefficient)

②Find the diameter of the circle (D) on the opposite side of the hexagon (S surface)

D=1.1547S i.e. opposite side×1.1547 (coefficient)

Seven, the calculation formula of the six sides and diagonals of the cold heading process

①The opposite side of the outer hexagon (S) find the opposite angle e

e=1.13s is the opposite side×1.13

②The opposite side of the inner hexagon (s) to find the opposite angle (e)

e=1.14s, the opposite side×1.14 (coefficient)

③The opposite side of the outer hexagon (s) to find the diameter of the head of the diagonal (D)

The diameter of the circle (D) should be obtained according to (the second formula in the sixth) on the opposite side of the hexagon (s surface) and the offset center value should be increased appropriately, that is, D≥1.1547s.

8. The calculation formula of a square inscribed by a circle

① Circle (D) find the opposite side of the square (S surface)

S=0.7071D is the diameter×0.7071

②The opposite side of the square (S surface) to find a circle (D)

D=1.414S is the opposite side×1.414

Nine, the calculation formula of the square opposite and diagonal of the cold heading process

①The opposite side of the outer square (S) find the opposite angle (e)

e=1.4s is the opposite side (s)×1.4 parameter

②The opposite side of the inner square (s) find the opposite angle (e)

e=1.45s is the opposite side (s)×1.45 coefficient

10. The calculation formula of the volume of the hexagon

s20.866×H/m/k means opposite side×opposite side×0.866×height or thickness.

11. Volume calculation formula of truncated cone (cone) body

0.262H (D2+d2+D×d) means 0.262×height×(big head diameter×big head diameter+small head diameter×small head diameter+big head diameter×small head diameter).

12. Volume calculation formula of spherical missing body (such as semicircular head)

3.1416h2 (R-h/3) is 3.1416 × height × height × (radius-height ÷ 3).

13. Calculation formula of machining size of taps for internal thread

1. Calculation of tap diameter D0

D0=D＋(0.866025P/8)×(0.5~1.3), that is, the basic size of the large diameter thread of the tap + 0.866025 pitch ÷ 8×0.5 to 1.3.

Note: How much to choose from 0.5 to 1.3 should be confirmed according to the size of the pitch. The larger the pitch value, a smaller coefficient should be used. Conversely, the smaller the pitch value, a larger coefficient should be used accordingly.

2. Calculation of the tap diameter (D2)

D2=(3×0.866025P)/8 that is the pitch diameter of the tap=3×0.866025×pitch ÷ 8

3. Calculation of tap diameter (D1)

D1=(5×0.866025P)/8 that is the tap diameter=5×0.866025×pitch ÷ 8

14. The calculation formula for the length of various shapes of cold heading materials

Known: The volume formula of a circle is diameter×diameter×0.7854×length or radius×radius×3.1416×length. That is d2×0.7854×L or R2×3.1416×L

When calculating, the volume X÷diameter÷diameter÷0.7854 or X÷radius÷radius÷3.1416 is the length of the material to be used.

Column formula = X/(3.1416R2) or X/0.7854d2

X in the formula represents the volume value of the required material;

L represents the actual length of the feed;

R/d represents the radius or diameter of the actual feed.